3. Sebastian Münster, Poloniae et Vngariae nova descriptio. Basel 1552. COLLBN Port 165 N 1
One of the oldest maps with the territory of Ukraine is this woodcut of Poland and Hungary from Sebastian Münster's Cosmographia. The first edition appeared 1544, here is a later version. Borders between states are not shown. Poland is at the top left, Lithuania at the top center and Moscovia at the top right, with Belarus ('Russia Alba') underneath. Above the city 'Leopol[is]' (now Lviv) is written 'Russia', because the Prince of Galicia considered himself, after the Mongol invasion, the heir of Kyivan Rus'. At the bottom we see the Danube flowing into the Black Sea and the Crimean peninsula ('Tartaria') with 'Tartaria minor' (Little Tartary) above it. West of Crimea, the Dnieper ('Neper') flows into the Black Sea. If we follow the river upstream we see Kyiv (‘Kiouia ep[iscop]atus’) lying on its west bank.